gauge

n. & v. (US gage: see also sense 7)
—n.
1 a standard measure to which certain things must conform, esp.: a the measure of the capacity or contents of a barrel. b the fineness of a textile. c the diameter of a bullet. d the thickness of sheet metal.
2 any of various instruments for measuring or determining this, or for measuring length, thickness, or other dimensions or properties.
3 the distance between a pair of rails or the wheels on one axle.
4 the capacity, extent, or scope of something.
5 a means of estimating; a criterion or test.
6 a graduated instrument measuring the force or quantity of rainfall, stream, tide, wind, etc.
7 (usu. gage) Naut. a relative position with respect to the wind.
—v.tr.
1 measure exactly (esp. objects of standard size).
2 determine the capacity or content of.
3 estimate or form a judgement of (a person, temperament, situation, etc.).
4 make uniform; bring to a standard size or shape.
Phrases and idioms:
gauge pressure the amount by which a pressure exceeds that of the atmosphere. take the gauge of estimate.
Derivatives:
gaugeable adj. gauger n.
Etymology: ME f. ONF gauge, gauger, of unkn. orig.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gauge — Gauge, n. [Written also gage.] 1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard. [1913 Webster] This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by. Moxon. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — may refer to:In measurements:* American wire gauge, a measurement of diameter of a wire * Gauge (bore diameter), the diameter of a shotgun barrel * Stubs Iron Wire Gauge, which corresponds to the diameter of a hypodermic needle **See also * Sheet …   Wikipedia

  • gauge — [gāj] n. [ME < NormFr: see the GAUGE vt.] 1. a standard measure or scale of measurement 2. dimensions, capacity, thickness, etc. 3. any device for measuring something, as the thickness of wire, the dimensions of a machined part, the amount of… …   English World dictionary

  • Gauge — (g[=a]j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gauged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gauging}] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh. fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a thing (see… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — (ingl.) En lenguaje técnico, medida de la *distancia o el *hueco de ciertas cosas; por ejemplo, el tamaño del punto en los tejidos de punto, o la distancia entre los rieles de una *vía. * * * En física, las teorías extensamente aceptadas del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gauge — bezeichnet: Gauge (Technik), Maße für Größenangaben, speziell Eichmaße und Endmaße, sowie Messgeräte, speziell Messuhren, Messlehren oder Schieblehren Gauge (Fluss), Fluss in Nordwest England Gauge (Pornodarstellerin) (* 1980), amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gauge — (v.) ascertain by exact measurements, mid 15c., from Anglo Fr. gauge (mid 14c.), from O.N.Fr. gauger (O.Fr. jauger), from gauge gauging rod, perhaps from Frankish *galgo rod, pole for measuring (Cf. O.N. gelgja pole, perch, O.H.G. galgo; see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gauge — [geidʒ] das; <aus engl. gauge »Normalmaß« zu altfr. gauger »messen«, weitere Herkunft unsicher> in der Strumpffabrikation Maß zur Angabe der Maschenzahl u. damit zur Feinheit des Erzeugnisses; Abk.: gg …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gauge — [n] measure, standard barometer, basis, benchmark, bore, capacity, check, criterion, degree, depth, example, exemplar, extent, guide, guideline, height, indicator, magnitude, mark, meter, model, norm, pattern, rule, sample, scale, scope, size,… …   New thesaurus

  • gauge — sb. (fk.), gauge (mål for masketæthed i strik) …   Dansk ordbog

  • gauge — (chiefly US also gage) ► NOUN 1) an instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something. 2) the thickness, size, or capacity of a wire, sheet, tube, bullet, etc., especially as a standard measure. 3) …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.